In our previous blog, we have discussed “how to write a dissertation methodology”. Likewise, in this blog, we will be studying the 5 chapters of the dissertation. In the academic sessions, every student has to conduct research and write down a proper thesis. Certainly, it can be a complex task that requires planning and structuring.
A dissertation is academic writing with the step of the research from introduction to conclusion. It is a part of postgraduate or undergraduate submissions. Additionally, the structure of the dissertation is selected concerning the field of the study. It is divided into 5 parts or the 5 chapters of the dissertation.
5 chapters of a dissertation
As mentioned above, students are required to write a dissertation in the graduation or post-graduation period. To explain, it can be considered as a chance for students to show that they are now skilled and have the required knowledge. There are certain rules in order to govern the structure or the presentation of the thesis. Dissertation writing should include:
- Literature review
- Dissertation methodology
With this purpose in mind, let us read why the dissertation is divided into such a manner.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Generally this section of the thesis explains the conceptual basis of the research. This is inclusive of the topic of investigation, questions of the research process, hypothesis, and a basic design of the research. Besides, writing an introduction is necessary as it enhances the significance of your study.
This section will help the readers understand why your study is unique, your approach towards something that was never studied before, and how is a better extension of any study that has been conducted before. Moreover, it should also contain an overview of the contents you are going to write in chapter one. Note that chapter 1 includes some topics which often needs amendments once the data analysis is done. Make no mistakes when it comes to grammar, structure, formatting, punctuations, transitions, paragraph making, verbs, and tenses.
The proposal for your dissertation should be written in the future tense whilst the dissertation should be in the past tense.
A good dissertation is not selected depending upon the writing quality but on the criteria established for the varied sections of the dissertation.
Chapter 2: Literature Review
In this chapter, students are required to introduce the theoretical framework for the study in addition to the development in the topic, design elements, research problems, and questions.
The literature review should be well-articulated to provide a foundation for the dissertation. This chapter among the 5 chapters of the dissertation is written with an idea of the development of an argument. As a result, this argument helps in the selection of the topic, formation of the questions for the study, and in the justification that why the chosen methodology is suitable. By the same token, the literature review talks about the ideas and content already formed by scholars and researchers.
In common terms, we can understand that a literature review presents readers with everything that is existing about the topic along with the tensions and gaps in the study.
Chapter 3: Dissertation methodology
Chapter 3 of any theses is about the method used in the study to come to a conclusion and solve the gaps and needs. There are certain elements of this chapter that we cannot eliminate. Another equally important tip is that a good dissertation methodology chapter includes a summary of the focus of the study, research questions, research methodology, research design, population and sample selection, instrumentation or sources of data, the validity of the study, reliability of the study, data collection and management, data analysis procedures, ethical considerations, limitations, and delimitations, and summary.
Chapter 4: Results
In the fourth chapter of the dissertation, we summarize all the data we have collected during our research. Furthermore, it helps us to understand things such as the collection and analysis of the data. Due to this phenomenon, the results can be presented appropriately. It is significant to write this section in the past tense and should be clear enough for the readers to interpret the results. It should reflect on the process of research and study. In addition to this, one can present the chapter in the desired format such as table, text, or figure. It should be highly readable and explain the findings clearly. There are certain questions you can ask to give a structure to the section.
- Do you have sufficient data to answer the research questions?
- Do you have sufficient data to provide strong support to your conclusions (chapter 5)?
- Is the construction of the research process in the third person?
- Is there a clear explanation of the data with text, charts, and graphs?
Moreover, the result section or chapter 4 of 5 chapters of the dissertation should be inclusive of introduction, descriptive findings, data analysis procedures, results, and summary.
It is very clear with the name that this chapter includes the final results of the study, recommendations, implications, and the summary of the entire study. Meanwhile, chapter 5 is a crucial chapter of the study as it helps the reader to know about the contribution of the researcher in the study.
Tips to write 5 chapters of dissertations
Above all, one of the most important things while writing the 5 chapters of dissertations is that you know the outline of the thesis well. This simply means that you should know what exactly you have to write in the thesis from the very beginning. The division of all the 5 chapters is important as it solves the complexity of the dissertation. However, there are certain things that one can use as tips to write 5 chapters of the dissertation.
Selection of topic and theoretical framework
Chose a topic of your choice or something you would love to know more about. After you have a topic or question, look for some relevant information and theoretical framework.
Purpose of the study
Come up with the purpose of the thesis with your knowledge and information you have gathered yet. This will help you to write your proposal. Show the proposal to the concerned person. Furthermore, take approval for the further processing of the study.
Your instrumentation is ready now. Make it clear and follow your board protocol. It takes weeks and months. Rejection of the topic would result in vain.
The next step is to collect the required data and samples. Analyze them, write up all your findings, and compose the final chapter. There are certain common elements in every thesis. Make sure you look at the outline of the dissertation.
Final stage of thesis
Take as much time you need to finish the thesis. The more time you will take, the more progressive your dissertation would be. Read as much thesis you can. Concurrently take help of your seniors for better results.
These were some of the general tips that can help you with a well-articulated dissertation. It is always a better option to follow the general outline of the dissertation. We have given the outline below in this blog.
Dissertation chapters breakdown
Having a plan makes any process easy and less complex. In like manner, a planned dissertation structure makes thesis writing easy. It is significant to break down the chapters. It is necessary for a relevant and presentable dissertation.
To enumerate, it is essential to have a breakdown of the word counts we have for the dissertation. Distribution of the words in the dissertation would help you with a firm writing base. Depending upon the field of study, the word count could vary. Given below is a general dissertation chapters breakdown. It will help the students who are writing the dissertation for the first time.
- Chapter 1 of the dissertation is the introduction. It contains background, problem statement etc. It should be 10% of the total dissertation writing.
- Moving towards the second chapter which is the literature review. It should be 30% to 40% of the total dissertation.
- Chapter 3 is the research methodology section which should be 15% of the entire dissertation.
- Try to complete your findings and research in 5% of the writing.
- You can give 30% words to the discussion section.
- Conclusion and recommendation should be around 10%.
- Never forget to add the section of references to your dissertation. You can do this in one sheet or may require many.
This is not a strict division of the words in your dissertation.
We should write a dissertation in five different chapters. Besides, there are diverse sections in these chapters that tell about elements of the dissertation in detail.
Chapter 1: An Introduction
Talking about the introduction, it is inclusive of background, context, theoretical framework, problem statement, the purpose of the study, research questions or hypothesis, and rationale or relevance. Simultaneously, it is inclusive of the significance of the study, nature of the study, definition of terms, assumptions, limitations, and delimitations, summary and the organization of the remaining study.
Chapter 2: A literature review
This section of the dissertation must have an introduction, conceptual framework, review of the literature, and summary.
Chapter 3: Dissertation methodology
Things that should be included in the dissertation methodology are:
- Introduction to the description of the design and method of data collection in the thesis.
- It should include experiment, description, design, and survey.
- Sampling, population, element, universe, probability, sample design, etc.
- Data measurement with the method used, application, validity and reliability of the method.
- Justification of the study, techniques used, and relationship expected and its nature.
- Limitations, delimitations, and assumptions of the study.
Chapter 4: Results
It should contain an introduction, descriptive findings, data analysis procedures, results, and a summary.
Chapter 5: Conclusion
This chapter should precisely include an introduction and the summary of the study, a summary of findings and conclusions, implications and recommendations, strength and weaknesses of the study, and references.
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